Automação e Trabalho

Estarei hoje a dar formação no STASA – novo sindicato da Auto Europa e Indústria automóvel – sobre «Indústria 4.0 e o seu impacto no Trabalho». A partir das 16:30 no Grupo Recreativo União Penalvense.

5 thoughts on “Automação e Trabalho

  1. “The importance of the various structural changes that are under way should not distract us from the human side of global risks. For many people, this is an increasingly anxious, unhappy and lonely world. Worldwide, mental health problems now affect an estimated 700 million people. Complex transformations— societal, technological and work-related—are having a profound impact on people’s lived experiences. A common theme is psychological stress related to a feeling of lack of control in the face of uncertainty. These issues deserve more attention: declining psychological and emotional wellbeing is a risk in itself—and one that also affects the wider global risks landscape, notably via impacts on social cohesion and politics.”

    World Economic Forum, The Global Risks Report 2019 14th Edition, Executive Summary

    • De outro artigo:

      “(…) the world is facing the fourth industrial revolution and that will lead the world through big changes and challenges. Industry 4.0 combines Internet of Things and automation in shape of Cyber Physical Systems (CPS). With the appearance of the Cyber Physical Systems robots have become more intelligent and will be able to replace human labor by handling more challenging tasks. Within the fact that Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are developing rapidly, not only manufacturing jobs may be taken by intelligent robots but also the jobs that require more human interaction. Findings on this topic are different. The author of this article has categorized the findings in two categories, optimistic and pessimistic view.
      On the one hand, optimistic view presents the positive standing where the theory implicates that even though the fourth industrial revolution brings challenges for employees to compete with CPS, it doesn’t necessarily mean that most of the human labor will lose their jobs. In fact, it may lead to the higher labor demand.
      On the other hand, pessimistic view presents slightly negative standing and the theory implicates that all the jobs that can be handled by CPS would lead to the fact that human labor will be irretrievably replaced and in many cases it is only a matter of time when it will happen.”

      Martin Heinrich, Industry 4.0: How it will affect employment and what skills will be required to match the requirements of the market, 27th April 2018

  2. Por último,

    How Unions Are Pushing Back Against the Rise of Workplace Technology
    By Jonathan Vanian

    April 30, 2019

    A few years ago, Marriott debuted a new app at hotels in five cities that was supposed to save housekeepers time by telling them which rooms to clean. It was a disaster.

    Housekeepers ended up yo-yoing between rooms on different floors, ignoring messy rooms just down the hall. If anything, the cleaners felt that the app made them less efficient, and they worried about being disciplined by their bosses for failing to finish their work on time. “A wild-goose chase” is how Rachel Gumpert, a spokeswoman for Unite Here, the labor union that represents Marriott’s housekeepers, describes the episode.

    Several months after the union became aware of the problems the app was causing, Marriott’s hotel workers went on strike, partly because of new technologies like the housekeeping app. In December, after intense negotiations, the hotel workers won a remarkable concession—a new contract that requires management to tell them 165 days in advance about new technology so they can raise any concerns.

    The Marriott agreement highlights how unions are increasingly pushing to protect employees from the unrelenting march of technology into the workplace. Recently, casino workers, journalists, and even professional basketball players have negotiated contracts that dictate terms like retraining workers who are displaced by technology and limiting how businesses can use data they collect about employees from their devices.

     

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